The share of foreign carriers in Turkey’s road export shipments has increased. In October, when a historical record was broken in exports, foreign carriers increased their share by 15 percent. The share of Turkish transporters, who were stuck with obstacles such as pass documents, decreased by 5 percent in this period.
Following the first wave of the epidemic, vehicles with foreign license plates took the lion’s share in Turkey’s increasing export shipments. In October, when the export record was broken, foreign carriers increased their share in shipments originating from Turkey by 15 percent. The share of Turkish transporters, who were stuck with barriers due to congestion at the border gates and pass documents, decreased by 5 percent in this period. Turkish road transporters experienced the biggest loss in exports to Central Asia. While the share of foreigners in export shipments in this direction increased by 27 percent, the share of Turkish carriers decreased by 15 percent. The share of foreign carriers in Turkey’s road export shipments has increased. In October, when a historical record was broken in exports, foreign carriers increased their share by 15%. The share of Turkish transporters, who faced obstacles such as pass documents, decreased by 5% in this period. The biggest loss was in exports to Central Asia. While the share of foreigners in export shipments in this direction increased by 27 percent, the share of Turkish carriers decreased by 15 percent.
The share of foreign companies in Turkey’s export transportation by road has increased. In October, when the export record was broken, foreign carriers increased their share, and the share of Turkish carriers who were stuck in transit document barriers decreased. Turkish transporters suffered the greatest loss in shipments to Central Asia.
According to the October international road transport data of the International Transporters Association (UND), a total of 160 thousand 587 thousand transports were made by road, including Ro-Ro, last month. While approximately 120 thousand of these were carried out by Turkish transporters, around 40 thousand transports were carried out by foreign companies. During this period, foreign carriers increased their share by 15 percent. On the other hand, the share of Turkish transporters, who were blocked with a pass in many countries, decreased by 5 percent.
The Caspian condition was imposed on the Turkish carrier, the market was left to the foreigner.
Turkish transporters suffered the biggest loss in exports to the CIS and Central Asia. While the share of Turkish transporters in export shipments to these markets decreased by 15 percent, the share of foreigners increased by 27 percent. Before the pandemic, 90 percent of road export shipments to Central Asian countries were made through Iran. However, since Turkmenistan has closed its doors, it is not possible to transport to Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan via Iran. For this reason, Turkish transporters go to Azerbaijan via Georgia and from there to Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan by Ro-Ro in the Caspian Sea. But shippers say the ship alternative is too expensive. Shippers pay an extra fee of 2 thousand euros for this route.
Another alternative to go to Kazakhstan, which is also a transit country for Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, is via Georgia and Russia. However, in October, transit documents were exhausted, Kazakhstan gave transit documents to Turkish carriers on the condition of using the Caspian. For this reason, it was not possible to transport to Kazakhstan via Russia and to other countries via this country. Foreigners stepped in when Turkish transporters could not transport on this line. Because there is no obligation to pass Caspian for foreigners, a pass is not required. Last month, Georgians made the most transportation. Georgians increased their share by 32 percent, Azerbaijanis by 15 percent, Russians by 12 percent and Kazakh transporters by 11 percent. The highest increase was in Uzbeks. A similar situation was experienced in export shipments from Turkey to the Middle East countries. While the market share of domestic carriers decreased by 11 percent in October, the share of foreign vehicles increased by 4 percent.
In European transportation, which is Turkey’s most important export market, Turkish transporters did not decrease their market share, on the contrary, they increased it by 11 percent. Foreign carriers also surpassed the domestic by increasing 16 percent on this route. Empty shippers from Europe carried the export burden of Turkey. On the other hand, at the rate of increase, domestic transporters passed foreigners only at the western border gates of the highway. In other words, when Ro-Ro transporters are not included and only the western border gates are considered, Turkish vehicles increased their market share by 8 percent, while this rate remained at 6 percent for foreigners.
1.2 million trips made in the first 10 months
In the first 10 months, domestic and foreign vehicles made a total of 1 million 288 thousand 697 trips in export shipments by road. With the effect of the decrease in the pandemic period, there was a 6 percent decrease in road export transportation compared to the first 10 months of last year. 992 thousand 653 of the shipments in the January-October period were made by domestic vehicles. 296 thousand 44 expeditions were made by foreigners. With the pandemic, the share of foreigners decreased by more than 30 percent, especially in March and April. However, with the normalization in June, the share of foreigners started to increase again. There was an increase of 3 percent in June, 10 percent in July, 8 percent in August, 11 percent in September and 15 percent in October. In the first 10 months, foreign vehicles lost 2 percent of the market. This rate was 7 percent for Turkish transporters. Because unlike foreigners, Turkish transporters lost a market of 9 percent in July, 5 percent in August, 1 percent in September and 5 percent in October. In the first 10 months, the market loss of Turkish transporters was 6 percent.
745 million Euros were paid to foreigners for export
Logistics officials, while emphasizing the increase in the share of foreigners in international road transport, also draw attention to the freight loss of the sector. According to the information given by the sector representatives, approximately 2,500 Euro freight is paid per trip in export shipments. In the first 10 months of this year, foreign vehicles made approximately 298 thousand trips. This means that approximately 745 million Euro freight in export shipments goes to foreign companies.